Protocol 003_PsddFKi3

Description of the patch

Fix to prevent account creation spam

While creating accounts currently requires a .257 tez burn, there is currently no cost to create implicit accounts, despite them occupying space in the context. This patch adjusts the cost to .257 tez for both regular (KT1) and implicit (tz1) accounts.

Error handling for nonce revelation

In cycle 48, a baker who lost their deposits and rewards due to double baking also did not inject nonce revelation. The protocol reached an error condition after trying to take away rewards from an account for which rewards had already been slashed. As a result, no new blocks could be accepted unless the nonces were revealed. The patch ensures correct handling of this scenario.

Add RPCs for voting

This patch introduces RPCs to query ballot status, functionality needed by bakers to interact with proposals to amend the protocol. They are the following:

Sum of ballots cast so far during a voting period.
GET /chains/<chain_id>/blocks/<block_id>/votes/ballots

Ballots cast so far during a voting period.
GET /chains/<chain_id>/blocks/<block_id>/votes/ballot_list

Current period kind: proposal, testing_vote, testing, promotion_vote.
GET /chains/<chain_id>/blocks/<block_id>/votes/current_period_kind

Current expected quorum.
GET /chains/<chain_id>/blocks/<block_id>/votes/current_quorum

List of delegates with their voting weight, in number of rolls.
GET /chains/<chain_id>/blocks/<block_id>/votes/listings

List of proposals with number of supporters.
GET /chains/<chain_id>/blocks/<block_id>/votes/proposals

Current proposal under evaluation.
GET /chains/<chain_id>/blocks/<block_id>/votes/current_proposal

Correct accounting for approval voting

The current protocol does not properly count baking rolls during the approval voting phase. This is corrected in this version.

How to apply the patch

If compiling from source, please pull the latest code from the mainnet branch. From a clone of the git repository, a minimal update command is git checkout mainnet && git pull && eval $(opam env) && make build-deps && make. Tezos binaries (node, client, baker, endorser, etc) should not be running while you re-compile. If using the script mainnet.sh based on docker provided at https://gitlab.com/tezos/tezos, simply do ./mainnet.sh restart as every call to mainnet.sh checks for updates and updates if necessary.

The node will automatically switch over to the new protocol at block height 204762 expected to occur after 2018-11-26T17:30:00 UTC.

After updating, all processes (the node, baker, endorser, and accuser) should be restarted. The updated node handles multiple protocols but notice that there are several, protocol-specific, versions of every other processes. In order not to miss a block or an endorsement, you may run versions 002_PsYLVpVv and 003_PsddFKi3 of the baker and endorser in parallel. Versions 003_PsddFKi3 of the baking and endorsement processes will not start baking or endorsing until the target block height. Version 002_PsYLVpVv will stop by themselves and it will be safe to stop them at that time. This has been tested and the processes do not attempt to bake at the same height.

However, as an extra precaution, specially if you do not use a hardware key or a remote-signer with a high water-mark, you may consider waiting until the target block height to shut down the old process and start the new one.)

More details on fees and cost model

Protocol:

The creation of a new tz{1,2,3} address now requires a burn of ꜩ0.257, in-line with the creation of KT account.

Every manager operation now costs at least 10000 in gas, a transaction that creates an address has a default cost of 10100 in gas.

Example:

Reveal:
Consumed gas: 10000
Consumed storage: 0 bytes

Transaction (when the target tz{1,2.3} is empty).
Consumed gas: 10100
Consumed storage: 277 bytes

Transaction (when the target tz{1,2.3} is not empty).
Consumed gas: 10000
Consumed storage: 0 bytes

Baker

The baker and mempool filters now require a minimal fee to propagate and include operations into blocks. This default is not set at the protocol level but rather in the configuration of the node and the baker. Bakers can thus decide of the settings that work best for them

The minimal fee depends on the operation sent (transaction, origination, revelation, etc)

When considering the injection of an operation in a block, the baker will check its size and gas and reject it if the associated fees are too low. The expected fees are computed using this formula:

fees >= (minimal_fees + minimal_nanotez_per_byte * size + minimal_nanotez_per_gas_unit * gas)

Where the size is the number of bytes of the complete serialized operation, i.e. including header and signature. When sending multiple transactions at once (i.e. packed operations), the baker will require the summed fees of all the operations to match the summed gas of all the operations and the total size of the packed operations, still including header and signature.

By default:

minimal_fees = 0.000 1 ꜩ (100 µꜩ)
minimal_nanotez_per_gas_unit = 100 nꜩ/gu (0.000 000 1 ꜩ/gu)
minimal_nanotez_per_byte = 1000 nꜩ/B (0.000 001 ꜩ/B)

For instance, a single transaction to an existing implicit address will require a transaction fee of at least 0.001 273 ꜩ to be included by bakers who choose to follow the default settings.

These settings may be changed by passing the following flags to the baker (--minimal-fees <amount in tez>, --minimal-nanotez-per-gas-unit <amount in nanotez>, --minimal-nanotez-per-byte <amount in nanotez>).

Delegates distributing rewards should be aware of these thresholds for their transactions to be successfully included.

Node

The node also filters operations following the same principles as above. If an operation does not carry sufficient fees, a node following the default setting will not include it in its mempool. Hence an operation without fee won’t even propagate through the network. The constant can be changed with the following RPC call:

./tezos-client rpc post /chains/main/mempool/filter with '{ "minimal_fees": "0", "minimal_nanotez_per_gas_unit": "0", "minimal_nanotez_per_byte": "0" }'

The constants used by the node and the baker do not need to be equal, but the node needs to be less restrictive than the baker, otherwise the baker won’t even see the operations.

An injection node (i.e. a specific node targeted by wallet for injection operation) might deactivate the filter (by using the previous RPC call) in order to accept any operation and give them a chance to be propagated to a baker that is willing to accept fee-less operations.

FAQ

  1. Who should apply this patch?
  1. Anyone running a node needs to update. If you are using a wallet that connects to a third party node, you do not need to apply a patch, but you can inquire with the wallet developers to make sure they are running a patched node. If you are delegating your tez you may wish to inquire with your baker that he is running the patched node in order not to miss any reward.
  1. What are the risks and impact of account creation spam?
  1. Over time, account creation spam can make it uneconomical to run a node due to the amount of disk space required. This would make it harder for people to participate in the ecosystem.
  1. What happens if I apply the patch early?
  1. The patch will automatically activate at a set block-height. Specifically, block height 204762 (approximately Monday Nov 26 1730 UTC)
  1. What happens if I don’t apply the patch?
  1. Your node will continue tracking a branch with a known bug which does not represent the consensus among network participants.
  1. Why not use the governance mechanism to correct these issues?
  1. The governance mechanism is a slow, deliberative, procedure for deciding on the evolution of the code. It is not a substitute for security patches which require quick deployment.
  1. Why not mandate minimal transaction fees in the protocol?
  1. Transaction fees solve a slightly different problem, but they can help. If bakers wish to filter out transaction with low fees, they can run the process by passing the flag:

    --minimal-fees (default 0.000 1)
    --minimal-nanotez-per-byte (default 1000)
    --minimal-nanotez-per-gaz-unit (default 100)
    

    1 mutez is equivalent to 1000 nanotez. The patch does include default minimal fees in the mempool, but individual bakers can choose to override these.